B. Aug. 3, 1930 in Kuressaare.
Asst. Prof., Ph.D. of the Thermal Engineering Department of the Tallinn Technical University.
Deported in 1941–46 and 1950–58, imprisoned for some months in 1950.
Joined ERPRB in 1989, head since 1992.
B. Jan. 16, 1935 in Tallinn.
Higher education, journalist.